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Laminate manufacturing technology what you need to know

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The demand for the laminate is growing every year. The growth of sales of laminated flooring is primarily associated with the replacement of such linoleum markets. It is also worth noting that one of the trends in the development of the laminate market is the replacement of imported products, domestic production products.

Today on the market there are several types of floor coverings made of natural wood. The first place in volume is occupied by laminated flooring, or simply laminate. Further in popularity there is a multilayer parquet board. A massive parquet board is following, it is also called a massive board or just an array. The least popular is piece parquet today.

Laminated flooring can be compared with a multi -layer pie, each layer in this case is made of various materials and has different coatings, which determines the different properties of each layer. The fundamental difference between laminated flooring and other types consists in this multi -layer, the number of layers and materials may differ in different manufacturers, but the essence remains the same.

MDF or HDF wood -fiber slabs are used as the basis of any laminated coating, these two types of plates are characterized by a density of 800 kg/cube.m. At the MDF stove, up to 1050 kg/cube.m. At the HDF stove. It is worth noting that today, as the basis for the laminate, the MDF plate was naked, in view of its low density, but as a result of the low operational qualities of the laminate. The main advantages of wood -fiber slabs are hardness, density, strength, static geometric parameters, moisture resistance and ultraviolet.

The main parameter on which the operational characteristics of the laminate depend is the density of its basis. The mechanical strength of the laminate has a direct dependence on the density of the material – the basis, but at the same time the increased density of the material worsens the adhesion of laminate layers, which reduces its working characteristics. The thickness of the base of the laminate can vary from 6.2 millimeters to 10 millimeters, it is this parameter that determines the laminate class.

An integral part of the laminated flooring is a stabilizing layer. This function, as a rule, performs a layer of melamine resin, although some producers use paraffinated paper. This layer is designed to protect the base from the effects of moisture and ultraviolet radiation.

Some manufacturers use additional – reinforcing layer, which is intended to increase the strength of the laminate.

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